This study explores the impact on the welfare of families of women's household headship in low-income Mexican urban neighborhoods. For this study, personal interviews were conducted with women in Guadalajara and Veracruz, Mexico. Respondents discussed many aspects of their daily lives, including how much they earned per week and what jobs they had held. In addition, they discussed their families, including their husbands and children, and their current housing situation. Other background information was collected on income, the number of years of education attained, political activity, and the health status of the respondents and their families.